Past Issues

Correlation between Perceived State of Health and Sleep Quality among University Male Students

C h u ng-Fong Ho, Chun-Wei Chang, Yun-Wen Hu,Cheng-Yu Chen, Song-Yuan Huang, Yu-Mei Lu, Su-Fen Chen, Mei-Sheng Lin

Objective: We investigated sleep quality and perceived state of health among
university male students. Methods: We distributed 460 copies of two sets of questionnaire
(the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index [PSQI] and a scale of perceived state
of health) to male freshmen at a public university in Taiwan. After eliminating invalid
and incomplete questionnaires, we collected 410 valid questionnaires, producing
a recovery rate of 89.13%. Results: Among background variables, “part
time work conditions” (p < 0.001) and “extracurricular studies or tutoring jobs” (p
< 0.01) were found to have signifi cant infl uenced on sleep quality. Credit hour load
(p < 0.01) and perceived state of health (p < 0.01) were signifi cantly and positively
correlated with sleep quality. Background variables could be used to effectively
predict sleep quality and to explain 21% of total variance. Credit hour load hour (p
< 0.001) was the most signifi cant predictor of sleep quality, followed in descending
order by part time work conditions (p < 0.001), extracurricular studies and tutoring
jobs (p < 0.01). Conclusion: Credit hour load hour was found to be a signifi -
cant factor of infl uence on sleep. Students can effectively enhance their sleep
quality by striving for a healthy balance between their existing course load and
their part time work, extracurricular studies, and tutoring jobs.
Key Word university students, perceived state of health, sleep quality
Editorial Committe, Taiwanese Journal of Psychiatry
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