Past Issues

Socio-demographic Correlates of Involvement in School Bullying among Adolescents in Southern Taiwan

Cheng-Fang Yen, Young Shin Kim, Peng-Wei Wang, Huang-Chi Lin, Tze-Chun Tang, Yu-Yu Wu, Tai-Ling Liu, Pinchen Yang

Objective: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the sociodemographic
correlates of victimization and perpetration of passive and active
bullying in a large, representative population of Taiwanese adolescent students in
grades 7 through 12. Methods: Victimization and perpetration of passive and active
bullying in 6,178 adolescents were determined using of the self-reported Chinese
version of the School Bullying Experience Questionnaire (C-SBEQ). We examined
the associations between various subtypes of bullying involvement and
gender, age, residential background, and parental educational level. Results: The
results indicated that boys were more likely than girls to report all subtypes of bullying
involvement experiences (p < 0.001) except for victimization of passive bullying.
Younger students were more likely than older ones to report all subtypes of
bullying victimization and perpetration-victimization (p < 0.001) but not bullying
perpetration. Adolescent students who lived in rural areas were more likely to report
victimization of passive bullying and perpetration of active bullying than
those who lived in urban areas (p < 0.001). No difference in the subtypes of bullying
involvement was found between adolescent students who had low and high
parental educational levels. Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that
age, gender and urban-rural differences existed in subtypes of bullying involvement
in adolescents. These socio-demographic correlates must be taken into consideration
when developing programs for prevention, detection, and intervention
of school bullying among adolescents.
Key Word adolescent, bullying, parental educational level
Editorial Committe, Taiwanese Journal of Psychiatry
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