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Anxiety of Outpatients Prior to Magnetic Resonance Imaging Procedures: The Effectiveness of a Multimedia Patient Education Intervention

Wen-Li Lee, Huei-Chuan Sung, Li-Chuan Huang, Graeme D. Smith

Objectives: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a multimedia patient education intervention on the knowledge and anxiety of outpatients before magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) procedures. Methods: A convenience sample of 110 eligible participants was assigned to experimental or control group using a non-randomized allocation. Before MRI procedure, participants in the experimental group received the MRI multimedia patient education intervention with the option of choosing preferred language in addition to routine MRI printed material, and participants in the control group only received the MRI printed material. All participants were assessed for MRI knowledge by a MRI knowledge questionnaire and anxiety by Spielberger Trait Anxiety Inventory-State (STAI-S) at baseline and post-test before MRI procedures. Results: Fifty-three in the experimental group and 45 in the control group completed the study. Results showed that the experimental group after receiving the intervention had a significant improvement on MRI knowledge (t = 3.82, p < 0.001) and anxiety (t = 2.26, p < 0.05) compared with those of the control group. Conclusion: MRI multimedia patient education intervention improved the understanding of MRI procedures and reduced anxiety before the MRI procedures. An innovative MRI multimedia patient education intervention can be a useful strategy which requires less time and staff for patient education related to MRI to reduce anxiety.
Key Word magnetic resonance imaging, anxiety, multimedia education, outpatient
Editorial Committe, Taiwanese Journal of Psychiatry
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